Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, 10th Edition (Shier)

Chapter 4: Cellular Metabolism

How Translation Works

View the animation below, then complete the quiz to test your knowledge of the concept.



1.

Translation is the synthesis of
A)mRNA from DNA.
B)mRNA from proteins.
C)proteins from DNA
D)proteins from mRNA
E)proteins from tRNA
2.

Which of the following occurs as the ribosome shifts down the mRNA by a distance of three nucleotides?
A)the tRNA that was in the A site moves into the E site
B)the tRNA that was in the P site moves into the A site
C)the tRNA that was in the E site moves into the P site
D)the tRNA that was in the E site moves into the A site
E)the tRNA that was in the P site moves into the E site
3.

Translation is terminated when a stop codon is presented at the ________ site.
A)A
B)P
C)E
D)either A or B
E)either A or C
4.

The first amino acid enters through the A site.
A)True
B)False
5.

The codon of tRNA is complementary to the anticodon of mRNA.
A)True
B)False
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