Zelig and Bertram are reading the same book. Because Zelig is reading it for a class, he is expected to finish it by a certain date and write a paper on what he learned. Bertram is reading the book for fun. Zelig is _____ motivated to read the book, whereas Bertram is _____ motivated to read it.
|C)||intrinsically; not being|
|D)||not being; extrinsically|
As a well-educated and highly esteemed businesswoman, Delores feels she has accomplished a great deal in her life. She decides that she would like to give back to the community, so she makes a sizable endowment to the local conservatory. She is also using her professional influence to draw the public's attention to the needs of children who have cancer. Abraham Maslow would probably say that Delores has reached the _____ stage of his needs hierarchy.
Lidia graduated from college 10 years ago and is considering a career change. She is eager to find a position that challenges her and allows her to grow as a person. With her family's full support, she signs up for classes at the local community college to learn about potential career paths. Lidia's psychological needs are BEST explained by
|B)||the deficiency needs in Maslow's hierarchy.|
|C)||set point theory.|
|D)||expectancy x value theory.|
James eats when he is stressed, sad, or angry and as a result struggles with his weight. His physician suggests that because he is using food to fill an emotional hole rather than a physiological need and he no longer knows how to pay attention to his body's "full" messages. The hormone that should be decreasing his appetite and increasing his energy expenditure is called
Bonni knows she should stick to a healthy diet, but she often consumes huge servings of junk foodup to 5,000 caloriesin one sitting. Desperate to keep from gaining weight, she then uses laxatives and diuretics ("water pills") to purge the calories. Bonni is suffering from
Enzo takes Vendela to see a horror movie on their first date. He knows that people who feel strong emotions rely on situational cues to label the emotion. He hopes that the film will increase the activity in Vendela's nervous system and that she will interpret the arousal as attraction to him. Enzo is relying on the
|A)||two-factor theory of emotion.|
|C)||facial feedback hypothesis.|
Edward has a job that does not pay well but is personally meaningful. Lisa, on the other hand, has a job that pays well but that bores her. What would the research on motivation predict?
|A)||Edward will be happier and perform better because he has high intrinsic motivation.|
|B)||Lisa will be happier and perform better because she has high intrinsic motivation.|
|C)||Edward will be happier and perform better because he has high extrinsic motivation.|
|D)||Lisa will be happier and perform better because she has high extrinsic motivation.|
Chloe has just gotten on a roller coaster. As the car ascends the slope for the first big plunge, she feels fear and anticipation. She notices that her heart rate has increased, that her palms are sweating, and that she feels "butterflies" in her stomach. According to the James-Lange theory, Chloe's emotional response to the roller coaster is because
|A)||the stimulus of the roller coaster has caused her to feel fear and anticipation; those feelings, in turn create a physiological response.|
|B)||the stimulus of the roller coaster has caused her to simultaneously feel fear and anticipation and have a physiological response.|
|C)||the stimulus of the roller coaster has caused her to think about the dangers of roller coasters; her thoughts, in turn, have caused an emotional and physiological response.|
|D)||the stimulus of the roller coaster has caused a physiological change; she has interpreted this change as the emotions of fear and anticipation.|
Luiz is taking three classes this semester. In the first class he has only one exam all term and he feels quite a bit of pressure. In his second class the teacher will give six quizzes and only count the highest three toward his final grade. He thinks this is going to be very easy. In the third class, he has four equally weighted exams. He thinks this class will be challenging but doable if he keeps up with his studies. According to the Yerkes-Dodson law, though, in which class is Luiz most likely to get the best grade?
|A)||the first class|
|B)||the second class|
|C)||the third class|
|D)||it depends on which subject he likes most|
Cathy is sitting at home alone one night when she hears a window break and her alarm go off. Her heart begins to race and she starts breathing quickly. He leg muscles start twitching as she prepares to run into her bedroom, lock the door, and call the police. Her body's responses to the noises she has heard are the result of her
|A)||sympathetic nervous system.|
|B)||parasympathetic nervous system.|
|C)||central nervous system.|