# Physical Science

## Chapter 16: Solids, Liquids, and Gases

### Standardized Test Practice

 1 In which state of matter would you expect to find water, at 108°C and 1 atm on Earth? A) liquid B) gas C) plasma D) solid 2 On which points on the graph is water increasing in temperature? (11.0K) A) F and G B) G and K C) F, G, H, and K D) F and H 3 On which points on the graph is the water changing state? (11.0K) A) F and G B) G and K C) F and H D) F, G, H, and K 4 Which of these is likely to have matter in a plasma state? A) incandescent light B) lightning C) microwave oven D) steam 5 In which state of matter are the particles likely to be closest together? A) gas B) liquid C) plasma D) solid 6 Which of the following statements is NOT true? (10.0K) A) Gas A had the greatest increase in volume. B) Gas C had the greatest increase in volume. C) Gas B has less volume as it cools. D) The gases all increased in volume. 7 At approximately what temperature is the volume of Gas A about 30 liters? (10.0K) A) 0°C B) 100°C C) 200°C D) -100°C 8 At what temperature range were measurements taken during this experiment? (10.0K) A) -273°C to -175°C B) -175°C to 300°C C) -273°C to 300°C D) 0°C to 300°C 9 The amount of energy needed to change a substance from the solid phase to the liquid phase is the A) heat of vaporization. B) melting point. C) kinetic energy. D) heat of fusion. 10 At a constant temperature, an increase in pressure of a gas causes the volume to A) increase. B) remain the same. C) increase or decrease depending on the gas. D) decrease.