Student Web Activity

Chapter 18 Lesson 5: AIDS/HIV Aware

Introduction

AIDS, the disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) was first thought to affect mostly gay men and intravenous drug users. However, we now know that HIV can affect anyone, and AIDS is hitting young people hardest. Last year, more than 32,000 people between the ages of 13 and 24 became infected with HIV in the United States. On the Web site below, you will learn about HIV and AIDS, and find out why teens and young adults are falling victim to this fatal disease. You will also learn how to protect yourself and others.

Link to explore: The AIDS Handbook:  http://www.eastchester.k12.ny.us/schools/ms/AIDS/AIDS1.html

Directions

  • Start at The AIDS Handbook Web site.
  • Read the introduction and each of the links at the bottom of the page.
  • Take notes as you read.
  • When you are done reading, answer the questions below.
  • Finally, using the information from the link, create a FAQ sheet about HIV and AIDS that can be made available to teens throughout your community.

Questions

  1. What are the five main ways that the HIV virus is spread?
  1. What has to happen for the virus to move from an infected person to an uninfected person?
  1. What are the three stages of HIV infection?
  1. What causes death when a person develops AIDS after being infected with the HIV virus?
  1. What are the three steps in developing a cure for AIDS?

Answers

  1. The five main ways that the HIV virus is spread are through:
    1. Sexual intercourse
    2. Intravenous drugs
    3. Blood transfusions
    4. Sharing contaminated needles
    5. From mother to child before, during, or after birth
  1. For an uninfected person to contract the virus, he or she must have direct contact with the bodily fluids from an infected male or female.
  1. The three stages of HIV infection are:
    1. Stage One – No symptoms
    2. Stage Two – Mild Illness
    3. Stage Three – Severe Illness
  1. The HIV virus attacks the body’s immune system so it cannot fight off disease. Death is caused by the illnesses that attack the body.
  1. The three steps in developing a cure for AIDS are:
    1. Devising a drug that will kill the HIV once it enters the body.
    2. Creating a vaccine that would prevent the disease.
    3. Educating people worldwide about the dangers of AIDS and how to prevent the HIV infection.
Additional Resources for Teachers

Below are some additional resources on HIV and AIDS and what is being or can be done to prevent its spread. You might want to discuss ways that people around the world are commemorating the lives of those who have died from AIDs. For example, the AIDS quilt, writing music, and telling stories. Ask your students if they would like to do something to commemorate those who have died in their community.

  1. PBS: AIDs and Teens:
    http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/features/july-dec02/aids.htm
  2. Teen Aids Peer Corp:
    http://www.teenaids.org
  3. Staying Alive:
    http://eu.staying-alive.org/stayingalive/shells/h_home.jhtml
  4. HIV and AIDS Hotlines:
    http://www.advocatesforyouth.org/youth/health/hiv/resources.htm
  5. Kids Talk:
    http://www.kidstalkaids.org/
  6. Metro Teen Aids:
    http://www.metroteenaids.org/

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