is an enduring pattern of emotional, cognitive, and behavioral ways of responding to the environment.
Freud believed that psychological problems were ; in other words, they were caused by multiple unconscious processes.
Freud considered the to be the psyche's conscience.
When a person is unable to successfully navigate the challenges of a specific stage of psychosexual development, thereby not progressing to the next stage, that person is .
The is a personality assessment that involves presenting people with pictures and asking them to tell a story about what is happening in the picture.
According to Freud, the ego works on the principle.
Will's doctor just told him that he had developed lung cancer after many years of smoking. Will leaves the doctor's office and lights a cigarette, telling himself that he is fine and smoking is no big deal. Will is using the defense mechanism .
Although he is highly prejudiced against women, Joe makes sure to always speak with women in his office in a friendly way and tries to promote them when possible. Jung would describe Joe's behaviors as the result of his ; one of the archetypes help in the collective unconscious.
Adler's theory of argued that people are motivated by their desire for perfection.
, , and are the three essential qualities that Rogers believed people needed to have in their relationships.