One of the alliances formed because of rivalries over colonies and trade was the Triple Alliance, which consisted of __________
|A)||Germany and Austria-Hungary.|
|B)||France, Great Britain, and Russia.|
|C)||Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.|
|D)||Austria, Hungary, and Serbia.|
Which of the following did NOT contribute to the start of World War I?
|A)||the growth of militarism|
|B)||the nationalist aspirations of Slavic minorities|
|C)||Germany’s “blank check” to Austria-Hungary during the Balkan crisis|
|D)||lack of military planning by the European powers|
Which was the first step in the immediate events leading up to World War I?
|A)||The czar ordered full mobilization of the Russian army.|
|B)||Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.|
|C)||Germany declared war on Russia.|
|D)||Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo.|
Military leaders were not prepared for the trench warfare of World War I, in which __________
|A)||troops moved quickly through trenches to capture territory.|
|B)||artillery destroyed enemy forces before solders captured new territory.|
|C)||opposing forces fought each other from elaborate systems of trenches without much loss or gain of land.|
|D)||forces moved quickly with tanks and artillery.|
The World War I stalemate at the Western Front prompted __________
|A)||Bulgaria to enter the war on the side of the Central Powers.|
|B)||Italy to enter the war on the side of the Central Powers.|
|C)||the Ottoman Empire to enter the war on the side of the Allies.|
|D)||Egypt to enter the war on the side of the Central Powers.|
__________ convinced the United States to enter the war.
|A)||The stalemate in France|
|B)||The Japanese entry into the war|
|C)||The blockade of Great Britain|
|D)||The German use of unrestricted submarine warfare|
During World War I, Britain’s Defense of the Realm Act expanded the government’s power to __________
|A)||control the national economy.|
|B)||arrest protestors as traitors.|
|C)||use propaganda to build support at home for the war effort.|
Which is NOT a reason why the czarist regime fell in Russia?
|A)||Czar Nicholas II was an incompetent military leader during World War I.|
|B)||The economy suffered disasters during the war years.|
|C)||Grigori Rasputin, an uneducated Siberian peasant, had gained influence over government affairs.|
|D)||Conservative aristocrats assassinated Grigori Rasputin.|
Which of the following occurred after the collapse of the czarist regime in Russia?
|A)||Alexandra Romanov took over major government decision making.|
|B)||Alexander Kerensky headed a provisional government.|
|C)||The Bolsheviks took control of the government.|
|D)||Ten thousand women marched in Petrograd demanding “Peace and Bread.”|
The Bolsheviks, who came to power under the leadership of V. I. Lenin, _________,
|A)||believed in passive resistance.|
|B)||supported the Kerensky provisional government.|
|C)||began as a small faction of the Russian Social Democrats.|
|D)||overthrew the provisional government in a bloody battle.|
People opposed to the Bolsheviks during the civil war included all EXCEPT __________
|B)||the Red Army under Leon Trotsky.|
|D)||anti-Communist White forces from Siberia.|
Why did the final German offensive of World War I fail?
|A)||The Russians reopened the Eastern front.|
|B)||Combined Allied forces, supported by 140,000 fresh American troops, stopped the advance at the Second Battle of the Marne.|
|C)||The mutiny of sailors in Kiel led to the overthrow of the German government.|
|D)||The offensive led the United States to enter the war.|
What did NOT happen immediately after the end of World War I?
|A)||Communist forces tried to seize power in Germany.|
|B)||The Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolved.|
|C)||Emperor William II became a figurehead of Germany without any political power.|
|D)||The new monarchical state of Yugoslavia was established.|
Guided by his desire for national security, __________ demanded the most severe penalties for Germany during the peace negotiations.
|B)||David Lloyd George|
|D)||V. I. Lenin|
Which of the following statements is NOT correct about the political and territorial changes brought by the settlements that ended World War I?
|A)||Austria-Hungary split into two countries, Austria and Hungary.|
|B)||France took control of Lebanon and Syria.|
|C)||New nation-states emerged from former lands of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia.|
|D)||Almost every eastern European state was left with ethnic minorities.|