Which of the following does NOT describe why scientists believe that the earliest Americans migrated from Asia?
|A)||DNA testing of ancient bones found in North America suggests that their ethnic origins are Asian.|
|B)||During the Ice Age, a land bridge connected Asia with what is today Alaska.|
|C)||Arrowheads found in Folsom, New Mexico, proved that people were in North America at least 10,000 years ago.|
|D)||Researchers believe that nomadic hunters following large game could have crossed Beringia into North America.|
Cahokia, an ancient __________ city of pyramids and mounds, supported an estimated 16,000 people.
Which of the following describes the Native Americans of the Eastern Woodlands?
|A)||They depended exclusively upon agriculture for their livelihood.|
|B)||They combined agriculture, hunting, and fishing to sustain their communities.|
|C)||They originally practiced agriculture, but later they became migrant hunters.|
|D)||Because of the lack of waterways in the Eastern Woodlands, they were primarily hunter-gatherers.|
Why did Woodlands Native Americans practice slash-and-burn agriculture?
|A)||because the technique enriched the soil and increased crop yields|
|B)||because they were unaware of effective farming techniques|
|C)||because the technique cleared the forests|
|D)||because they were trying to clear the farmland of pests and diseases|
Which of the following is a TRUE statement about the empires of West Africa?
|A)||The empires profited from extensive trading.|
|B)||The governments united in a league to provide mutual protection from invaders.|
|C)||The governments collected surplus food grown on the rich farmlands to trade with other empires.|
|D)||A king ruled over a collection of villages that prospered along the Zaire River.|
Women in early Central and Southern African communities commonly enjoyed leadership roles in all of the following EXCEPT __________.
Which of the following increased western Europe’s demand for Eastern luxury goods?
|A)||Europe’s development of a money-based economy|
|B)||the collapse of the Mongol empire in Asia|
|C)||feudal Europe’s inability to produce luxury goods|
|D)||the western European presence in the Middle East during the Crusades|
Western Europeans studied __________ to construct the astrolabea navigational instrument for determining direction, latitude, and local time.
Why weren’t Viking explorers able to establish permanent colonies in the Americas?
|A)||They were unable to successfully cross the violent North Atlantic Ocean.|
|B)||They lacked sufficient financial backing.|
|C)||Native Americans opposed their attempts at colonization.|
|D)||They did not have the navigational technology of the Renaissance period.|
Impacts of the Columbian Exchange included all of the following EXCEPT __________.
|A)||Native Americans gaining new foods and weapons|
|B)||Europeans gaining new foods such as corn, sweet potatoes, and squash|
|C)||Europeans learning how to use potatoes to increase food production|
|D)||Native Americans gaining medical technologies that helped them fight disease|