Physical Science

Chapter 10: Waves

Waves

 1 A __________ is a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter or open space. Need a Hint? A) conductor B) frequency C) wave D) medium 2 Which of the following does a transverse wave have? Need a Hint? A) rarefactions B) amplitude C) compressions D) ability to travel through space 3 The process in which two waves overlap and form a new wave is called __________ . Need a Hint? A) interference B) diffraction C) refraction D) wave joining 4 If you stand next to a swimming pool and see an object under water, it will seem to be __________ . Need a Hint? A) bent in the middle B) farther from the surface than it really is C) closer to the surface than it really is D) moving more than the water around it 5 Which of the following types of waves can travel through space? Need a Hint? A) transverse B) light C) compressional D) mechanical 6 __________ is a wave pattern that forms when waves of equal wavelength and amplitude, but traveling in opposite directions, continuously interfere with each other. Need a Hint? A) Destructive interference B) Reverberation C) Constructive interference D) A standing wave 7 What is the frequency of a wave if its wavelength is 5 m and wave velocity is 20 m/s? Need a Hint? A) 4 Hz B) 0.25 Hz C) 25 Hz D) 100 Hz 8 __________ describes how fast a wave moves forward. Need a Hint? A) Wavelength B) Wave velocity C) Amplitude D) Frequency 9 __________ is a measure of the energy in a wave. Need a Hint? A) Amplitude B) Wavelength C) Wave velocity D) Frequency 10 __________ are a combination of compressional and transverse waves. Need a Hint? A) Seismic waves B) Frequencies C) Amplitudes D) Ultrasonic waves 11 What is the wavelength of a wave traveling through a rope if the distance from one crest to the next is 1 m? Need a Hint? A) 1 m B) 3 m C) 2 m D) 0.5 m 12 What is the less dense region of a compressional wave called? Need a Hint? A) rest position B) crest C) rarefaction D) trough 13 __________ occurs when waves bend around a barrier. Need a Hint? A) Reflection B) Interference C) Refraction D) Diffraction 14 What are the lowest points of a transverse wave called? Need a Hint? A) troughs B) crests C) valleys D) depressions 15 Which of the following is a type of wave? Need a Hint? A) earthquake B) trough C) crest D) frequency 16 As frequency increases, wavelength __________ . Need a Hint? A) becomes faster B) remains constant C) increases D) decreases 17 Reflection occurs when a wave __________ . Need a Hint? A) causes ripples in a pool of water B) strikes an object and bounces off of it C) bends and changes speeds as it travels D) compresses air particles as it travels 18 A __________ is a material through which a wave transfers energy. Need a Hint? A) frequency B) medium C) trough D) substrate 19 The __________ of a wave is how many wavelengths pass a fixed point each second. Need a Hint? A) velocity B) compression speed C) amplitude D) frequency 20 In __________ waves, matter in the medium moves back and forth in the same direction the wave travels. Need a Hint? A) compressional B) transverse C) radio D) ocean
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