Memory is better when encoding happens at which level of processing?
The Atkinson-Shiffrin theory of memory includes
|A)||attention, processing, and elaboration.|
|B)||sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory.|
|C)||the phonological loop, visuospatial working memory, and the central executive.|
|D)||episodic memory, semantic memory, and implicit memory.|
Most people can keep _____ items in their short-term memory.
|A)||5 ± 2|
|D)||7 ± 2|
What type of information is stored in the phonological loop?
Your memory of Civil War history is an example of what type of memory?
Your ability to use the mouse on computer is an example of what type of memory?
When two neurons are activated at the same time, the connection between them will increase; this is called
|A)||parallel distributed processing.|
|D)||the serial position effect.|
The primacy effect is thought to occur because
|A)||items stay in working memory longer.|
|B)||items were presented more recently.|
|C)||of long-term potentiation.|
|D)||items are less rehearsed.|
According to the reminiscence bump, adults have greater recall for events in their _____ than from other decades.
|A)||first birthday until their mid-teens|
|B)||teens and twenties|
|C)||thirties and forties|
|D)||fifties and sixties.|
Problems remembering something may be the result of not storing the information in memory in the first place. This phenomenon is called
A person who cannot create new memories has
|C)||problems with explicit memory.|
|D)||has problems with implicit memory.|
A student is studying for a philosophy exam. She is trying to remember a list of philosophy concepts and associates each one with a personal event in her life. Which of the following is she employing?
|A)||intermediate level processing|
_____ refers to a person's memories about himself or herself, whereas _____ refers to a person's memories about the world.
|A)||Working memory; short-term memory|
|B)||Explicit memory; implicit memory|
|D)||Episodic memory; semantic memory|
Abigail has been studying for her chemistry test by reading over her notes. She has started skimming over them more as time goes on telling herself "oh, I know this." Why might this strategy be problematic for Abigail?
|A)||She is testing recognition not recall.|
|B)||She is testing recall not recognition.|
|C)||She is relying on her visuospatial sketchpad.|
|D)||This will not be a problem for Abigail.|
Which theory of long-term memory organization focuses on interconnected nodes that either excite or inhibit one another?
Smells can evoke vivid memories because the olfactory cortex links to the _____, which is associated with memory consolidation.
A student's class always met in room 100. However, when that student took the final exam, the class met in room 317. The student experienced memory problems at the final exam. What could account for the student's memory problems?
In high school, a student took German; however, she decided to take Russian in college. She finds that she is having trouble learning to speak Russian because she keeps using German words instead of Russian words. What type of problem is she experiencing?
How are a schema and a script different?
|A)||A schema focuses on episodic memory, whereas a script focuses on semantic memory.|
|B)||A script is a specific type of schema that focuses on events, whereas other types of schemas focus on a variety of experiences.|
|C)||A script is more accurate than a schema.|
|D)||A schema is related to encoding, whereas a script is related to retrieval.|
Which type of memory is retrieved unconsciously?